New research reveals Conscious Consumerism will keep sustainability a top priority for businesses


A new survey by packaging company Smurfit Kappa has provided insights into how Conscious Consumerism is continuing to drive the need for UK organisations to embed sustainability into business operations. With a growing demand for higher transparency of companies’ sustainability practices amongst a new generation of consumers, the survey also highlights how two thirds of UK businesses struggled to measure the bottom-line impact of their sustainability strategies.

The Balancing Sustainability and Profitability Survey, which was conducted among 200 senior executives and 1500 consumers in the UK, examines the business community’s and consumers’ views on sustainability and how they are adapting to create a more sustainable future.

The Consumer Effect

The survey found that 61% of consumers expect the brands they buy from to have clear sustainability practices. While 65% of consumers say price is still a key factor in their purchasing decision, in the past six months more than half say they have purchased a product specifically because it had reusable or biodegradable packaging and 56% have paid more for a product or service that was sustainably sourced. 

Commenting on the research, Steven Stoffer, Group VP of Sustainability and Development at Smurfit Kappa, said: “In the past, sustainability was considered more of a corporate topic but now the sustainability agenda is being driven by consumers. While this survey was conducted just before the Covid-19 pandemic, we are seeing growing evidence that these trends will continue as our economies begin to re-open. 

“Pre-pandemic, consumers were increasingly demanding sustainable and ethically sourced products and recent research in the US suggests that Covid-19 has not reduced consumers’ demand for sustainable products.” 

The driving force of Conscious Consumerism is echoed by the survey: 63% of businesses stated that their organisational attitude towards sustainability is customer driven. However, half of organisations say that greater customer (and consumer) awareness of the effects of their sustainability practices would be most beneficial to their long-term impact.  

The research also shows 69% of consumers struggle to identify whether brands practice sustainability.  

Stoffer continued: “This suggests there is a knowledge gap between brands and consumers and indicates there is an onus on brands to better communicate what they are doing in the area of sustainability. In general, more education is necessary and if brands can get this right, it will hugely strengthen the brand/customer relationship.”

Sustainability and financial benefits

Improved customer experience / satisfaction is the leading metric that UK businesses (58%) use to measure return on investment from sustainability practices. However, theBalancing Sustainability and Profitability Survey also found that only 18% of organisations are currently measuring their sustainability plans with 4 in 10 businesses saying measurement is the main barrier to implementing sustainable practices. 

The research also showed that 82% of business executives treat sustainability as a long-term investment, rather than a cost. Crucially, this is changing the rules of financial reporting in nearly three-quarters of businesses. However, less than half of organisations have the ability to link sustainability to financial results.

Ken Bowles, Smurfit Kappa Chief Financial Officer, said: “As we enter uncertain economic times, businesses are placing every effort on recovery and are focused on how to rebuild as public health restrictions begin to be eased. As we have learned from past economic downturns, business leaders also need to keep an eye on the future, in which sustainability will be a core pillar of business strategies – the climate crisis will remain post Covid-19. This survey highlights now more than ever the need to create an environment where business can embrace sustainable practices without the pressure of additional costs.

“This will require a multi-stakeholder dialogue between industry, government, regulators and consumer representatives to ensure a collective approach is agreed to make the financial case for sustainability more accessible for business.” 

Bowles added: “Smurfit Kappa publishes its progress on its long-term sustainability targets annually in its Sustainable Development Report which provides transparency and substantiates how we make our commitments in sustainability a reality. The Group has formulated ambitious long-term targets in five key areas where it can make a difference in terms of sustainability. 

“Over the past few decades we have been implementing projects that tick both the sustainability and financial return boxes like, for example, the major overhaul of our Townsend Hook Paper Mill in Kent which increased capacity by 3% while reducing energy by 15%. The energy usage per tonne also decreased by 18%. Making sustainability performance measurable, transparent and tangible for our stakeholders is an approach we have implemented since we started reporting our progress in 2007.”

Sustainability is here to stay 

Growing social and environmental awareness is increasing pressure on businesses to play their role in reducing the impact of climate change and waste. The survey found that 72% of businesses see sustainability as a lasting trend. 

Tony Smurfit, Group CEO of Smurfit Kappa, said: “Globally we have faced one of the biggest challenges to our health and livelihoods in recent months, but climate change and sustainability will remain the existential challenge of our time. People are realising that time is running out to address the issue. Sustainability must remain at the heart of the global business agenda as we look to the future.”

Sustainability is also opening up growth opportunities for businesses; 83% of businesses described sustainability as a business opportunity to be exploited. 

Smurfit concluded: “Sustainability is a catalyst for growth, but businesses will need to strike a balance between sustainability practices and profitability if they are going to ensure long-term stakeholder buy-in. Those businesses that see the value of investing now for the long-term, will be positioned to win in the future.”

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